A look at how technology was invented and the people behind the scenes.
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The very first technology
The very first technology was created by humans, Homo sapiens, during the Paleolithic era. This period of time spans from about 2.6 million years ago to 10,000 BCE. The earliest technologies were probably stone tools, used for hunting and gathering food.
The first steps in technology
The first steps in technology were taken long before the first humans appeared on Earth. The universe itself is an amazing example of technology, with countless stars and planets orbiting in perfect harmony. Over time, natural forces like gravity and electricity gave rise to more complex forms of matter, leading to the formation of our world and everything on it.
The first humans were probably not aware of the laws of physics that govern our universe, but they were able to harness some of its power for their own use. Fire was one of the earliest discoveries, and it quickly became an indispensable tool for survival. With fire, humans were able to keep warm, cook food, and ward off predators.
As our ancestors began to explore their surroundings, they found other materials that could be used to make tools and weapons. Stone, wood, and bone were all shaped into crude but effective forms that made everyday tasks easier. This early technology allowed humans to multiply and spread across the globe, eventually leading to the development of civilizations.
Over time, human beings have become increasingly sophisticated in their use of technology. We have learning to harness energy from sources like wind and water, and we have invented machines that can do everything from flying us across the sky to exploring the depths of the ocean. We have even sent spacecraft to other planets in our solar system, and our robots are now beginning to venture out into space on their own.
Invented by: Mesopotamians
Used for: Transportation
The wheel is a round object upon which several spokes radiate. It is used to create vehicles such as cars, trucks, and buses that can move along roads.
The printing press
The printing press is a device that allows for the mass production of uniform prints. The first printing press was invented in China during the Tang Dynasty by Bi Sheng, and it revolutionized the field of publishing.
Bi Sheng’s invention used movable type, which is a system of using small pieces of metal or wood that can be rearranged to form any character or symbol. This allowed for the rapid production of print without having to carve each character into a block of wood or engrave it onto a metal plate.
Movable type quickly spread to other parts of the world, and it was used to print everything from books to newspapers. The printing press had a profound impact on society, and it is considered one of the most important inventions in human history.
In 1876, the first successful telephone was invented by Alexander Graham Bell. The modern telephone is the result of a number of advances in technology and engineering, beginning with the original invention by Bell in 1876.
Computers are everywhere. They are in our homes, in our pockets, and at our workplaces. But how was the computer invented?
The first computers were actually people! Computers were originally people who performed calculations by hand. This was fine for a while, but as the world became more complicated, the need for faster and more accurate calculations became apparent.
Enter Charles Babbage. Babbage was a mathematician and engineer who is often considered the father of computing. In the early 1800s, he designed a machine called the Analytical Engine, which could perform any calculation that could be done by hand. However, the machine was never completed.
It wasn’t until nearly 100 years later that the first computers were actually built. In 1937, John Atanasoff and Clifford Berry developed the first electronic computer, called the Atanasoff-Berry Computer (ABC). However, this machine was not actually built until 1973!
In 1941, Konrad Zuse designed and built the first programmable computer. The Z3 was a binary mechanical calculator that used relays to perform calculations. However, it was not actually fully functional until 1950 due to World War II.
The first electronic digital computer was ENIAC (Electronic Numerical Integrator And Computer), which was developed by John Mauchly and J. Presper Eckert in 1945. ENIAC used vacuum tubes instead of relays and could perform 5,000 operations per second! However, it took up 1,800 square feet and weighed 30 tons!
Most people in the United States today cannot imagine life without the Internet. We use it for shopping, entertainment, communication, and a myriad of other activities. It’s hard to believe that this amazing tool is only a few decades old. So, how was the Internet invented?
The basic idea of the Internet was first proposed in the late 1960s by Leonard Kleinrock, an American engineer and computer scientist. Kleinrock had developed a new way to send data over telephone lines using packets. His work built on earlier ideas about data communications that had been proposed by British engineer Donald Watts Davies.
In October 1969, Kleinrock’s graduate student Charley Kline attempted to send data from one computer to another at Stanford University. The first attempt was not successful, but Kline’s second try succeeded in sending the world’s first Internet message: “Lo.”
Kleinrock’s work laid the foundation for development of the ARPANET, which was created by the U.S. military’s Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA) in 1969. The ARPANET originally consisted of four computers connected at universities in California and Utah. In 1971, Email was invented, followed by FTP (File Transfer Protocol) in 1972. These two inventions made it possible to transfer both files and messages between computers on the ARPANET.
The ARPANET continued to grow throughout the 1970s, with additional computers being added at universities and research laboratories around the world. In 1974, Vinton Cerf and Bob Kahn developed TCP/IP (Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol), which became the standard protocol for communication on the ARPANET and eventually on the Internet. TCP/IP allows different types of computers to communicate with each other regardless of their operating system or brand. In 1981,National Science Foundation (NSF) created CSNET (Computer Science Network), which provided access to University computer science departments for researchers who did not have access to ARPANET . In 1990 Tim Bernes-Lee invented who www (World Wide Web), which gave users an easy way to access information stored on different computers connected to he Internet .
In its simplest form, a smartphone is a cell phone with an integrated computer and other features not originally found on traditional mobile phones, such as the ability to access the Internet and run specialized applications. While the first smartphone was invented in 1992, it wasn’t until 2007 that they became widely available with the release of the first iPhone.
In 2009, Google released Android, a free and open-source platform that has since become the world’s most popular smartphone operating system. As of 2019, Android devices account for more than 85% of all smartphones globally. Other popular smartphone operating systems include Apple’s iOS (used on the iPhone), Microsoft’s Windows Phone, and BlackBerry OS.
The future of technology
Technology is ever-changing, and what we think of as cutting-edge today may soon become outdated. As we look to the future, it’s impossible to say for sure what new technologies will emerge and change the way we live. However, there are a few key areas that are likely to see significant development in the years to come.