What innovation expanded the GSM standard to include data services? General Packet Radio Services, popularly known as GPRS, and Enhanced GPRS, also known as EDGE (Enhanced Data rates for GSM Evolution).
Similarly, What is the benchmark upstream throughput of 4G services for slow moving mobile clients?
What is the 4G service’s benchmark upstream throughput for sluggish mobile clients? Solution: 1 Gbps 17.
Also, it is asked, Which WAN topology always sends data directly from its origin to its destination?
Mesh topology Data may go directly from its origin to its destination because to the wide area network’s many directly linked locations.
Secondly, What are three examples of Layer 2 LAN or PAN standards that also function at layer 1?
What are three LAN or PAN standards at Layer 2 that also work at Layer 1? Answers could differ. Ethernet, USB, Wi-Fi, and Bluetooth are a few examples.
Also, What is latency in mobile network?
Users face a delay known as latency while data travels back and forth via the network. Your network will feel less responsive and respond to your queries more slowly if it has a high latency.
People also ask, What should you place between the corporate network and the ICS network?
Use firewalls to separate the corporate network, ICS network, and DMZ networks.
Related Questions and Answers
Which WAN technology utilizes fiber optic cabling as a transmission medium?
Fiber-optic cabling is currently used by service providers to deliver Ethernet WAN services. Metropolitan Ethernet (MetroE), Ethernet over MPLS (EoMPLS), and Virtual Private LAN Service are some of the several names for the Ethernet WAN service (VPLS). Figure 1-28 depicts an example Ethernet WAN architecture.
What is frame relay WAN technology?
Frame relay is a packet-switching telecommunications service created for low-cost data transport for sporadic traffic between endpoints in wide area networks and local area networks (LANs) (WANs). The service has previously been extensively used and deployed.
What are the services provided by network layer?
The network layer handles packet forwarding, including routing via routers and quality of service control. The service’s nature. The network layer’s service is received by the transport layer on the host side. Services. communication without a connection. addressing a host. Forwarding Messages
What is the IEEE standard that governs all forms of Ethernet media and interfaces?
Local area networks (LAN), personal area networks (PAN), and metropolitan area networks (MAN) are all covered by the IEEE 802 family of standards from the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) (MAN). These standards are maintained by the IEEE 802 LAN/MAN Standards Committee (LMSC).
What are the two main services provided by the network layer of the TCP IP model?
Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) and User Datagram Protocol are the two most crucial protocols in the Transport Layer (UDP). With end-to-end error detection and repair, TCP offers a dependable data transmission solution. Low-overhead, connectionless datagram delivery is offered via UDP.
How was 5G invented?
A local antenna in the cell serves as the connection point for all 5G wireless devices to the phone and Internet networks. 5G logo for 3GPP built by3GPPIntroduced IndustryTelecommunications July 2016
What is the benefit of 5G Mmwave technology?
It can broadcast across greater distances because of its low frequency. Low-density rural and suburban regions are covered by it. It has a low latency and can transport a lot of data.
What is an ICS network?
ICS stands for industrial control systems, which are networks and systems for command and control. SCADA (Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition) systems make up the biggest subcategory of ICS.
What is ICS architecture?
The identification of ICS assets, network flows between the ICS network and the corporate network, the roles and responsibilities of the personnel who maintain ICS systems and have access to ICS systems, and the business requirements of an organization should all be taken into consideration when reviewing the ICS architecture on a regular basis.
What is the best WAN technology to use?
Three of the safest WAN options are shown below: MPLS. For countrywide WAN connection, MPLS is a safe, dependable, and adaptable option. An established Ethernet transport technology is used by the Metro Ethernet (MOE) Metro Ethernet Service, a versatile and user-friendly transport service. SD-WAN (Software Defined Network)
What is the common device that is usually used of WAN technology as a pathway?
A LAN is often connected to a WAN via a router or another multipurpose device. Users may share access to programs, services, and other centrally placed resources thanks to enterprise WANs.
What are the different technologies involved in establishing WAN links?
For WAN connecting, there are primarily three physical technologies: leased lines (P2P conxn), circuit switching (from the name alone we may deduce that modems are linked at both ends of a conxn), and packet switching (same as circuit switching but the protocols are different).
What is PPP in networking?
One computer system is connected to another using the TCP/IP protocol known as Point-to-Point Protocol (PPP). PPP is a protocol that computers use to connect online or via telephone networks. When two systems are physically linked via a phone line, they have a PPP connection. PPP may be used to link two systems together.
What is Frame Relay in data communication and network?
Based on the address field in the frame, the frame relay protocol specifies how frames are routed across a fast-packet network. Frame relay uses the dependability of data communication networks to reduce the amount of error checking performed by network nodes.
What has replaced Frame Relay?
Which of the following device in Frame Relay WAN technique is a service provider device that does the actual data transmission and switching in the Frame Relay cloud?
The actual data transmission and switching in the frame relay cloud is performed by Data Circuit Terminal Equipment (DCE), a service provider equipment.
What are the three services offered by the data link layer?
The data connection layer offers the following services: frames created by encapsulating network layer data packets. synchronizing the frames. As it relates to the logical link control (LLC) sublayer: When referring to the media access control (MAC) sublayer:
How many services are provided by data link layer?
What are IEEE 802 standards?
Wireless IEEE 802 specifications. The physical and data-link layer requirements for technologies like Ethernet and wireless are covered by the IEEE 802 collection of networking standards. Local area networks (LANs) and metropolitan area networks must adhere to these requirements (MAN).
What is meant by IEEE standards?
When the phrase “IEEE standards” is used, it refers to the IEEE 1547 Series, which is used to link distributed resources with electric power systems and is mentioned in Section 54-15-102.
How many IEEE standards are there?
The IEEE Standards Association has an active portfolio of almost 1,076 standards and more than 984 projects under progress. It is often the primary source for standardization in a wide variety of developing technologies.
Which services are provided by the Internet layer of the TCP IP protocol suite choose three?
The TCP/IP protocol family includes application layer protocols including DNS, DHCP, and FTP.
Which services are provided by the Internet layer of the TCP IP protocol suite?
The Internet’s name service for TCP/IP networks is called DNS, or domain name system. The IP address service receives host names from DNS. DNS also functions as a mail management database.
What important information is added to the TCP IP?
What crucial data is included in the TCP/IP transport layer header to guarantee connection and communication with a distant network device? Answers Clarification & Hints: To pinpoint precisely which protocol and process is making or answering a request, the source and destination port numbers are needed.
The “what is gsm” is a technology that was added to the GSM standard. It has three main components: radio, base station, and mobile station.
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